City Council meeting and hearing transcripts and recordings
Scope and Contents note
The City Council meeting and hearing transcripts span the years 1947-2015. This collection has been divided into 5 series: Series I - City Council debate; Series II - Committee hearing transcripts; Series III - Audiotape recordings; Series IV - Videotape recordings; and Series V - DVD recordings. Transcripts and recordings of City Council meetings and hearings are fairly complete from 1947-1970 and 1996-2015. There appears to be missing transcripts or recordings between 1970 and 1996 in all formats.
Series I includes verbatim transcriptions of the debate that occurred in the City Council meetings. Prior to 1947, the debate is included in the published minutes of the City Council. Chapter 447 of the Acts of 1947 allowed for the elimination from the proceedings of all debate of the City Council. The stenographic copy of such debate was filed in the City Clerk's office. This series includes the debate from 1947-1970. After 1970, this series includes only miscellaneous meeting transcriptions.
Series II includes verbatim transcriptions of City Council hearings from 1952-1983 filed chronologically. Consult the City Council proceedings to determine when specific hearings were held. This series also includes several non-City Council hearing transcripts.
Series III includes audiotape recordings of City Council hearings from 1979-1996 with gaps. This series does not appear to be a complete collection of recordings of all hearings held by the City Council. The recordings in the series are identified by topic. It is unclear at what point the City Council stopped producing stenographic transcripts and started relying on audiotape recordings of the hearings.
Series IV includes videotape recordings of City Council meetings and hearings from 1996 July-2009. The City Council began recording meetings and hearings on video in 1996. Series V includes DVD recordings of City Council meeting and hearings from 2003-2015. The City Council began recording meetings and hearings on DVD in 2003. From 2003-2009, there is some overlap with the videotapes. Check each series to locate a particular meeting or hearing.
- 1947-2015 with gaps
- Boston (Mass.). City Council (Organization)
Boston was incorporated as a city on February 23, 1822 by chapter 110 of the Acts of 1821. This act was adopted by the voters on March 4, 1822. The City Charter established the form of government as a Mayor; a Board of Aldermen, consisting of eight elected at large; and a Common Council, of forty-eight elected by wards; to be called when conjoined, ‘the City Council.” The Mayor and Aldermen were vested with the administration of the police, and executive power of the corporation generally, with specific enumerated powers. All other powers belonging to the corporation were vested in the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council exercised by concurrent vote.
The Mayor served as ex officio Chairman of the Board of Aldermen until 1855. Section 29 of Chapter 448 of the Acts of 1854 , an act to revise the charter of the City of Boston, provided for the choice of a permanent chairman by the Board of Aldermen who presided at all meetings of the board and at conventions of the two branches in the absence of the Mayor. The administration of the police, together with the executive powers of the corporation generally, all the powers formerly vested in the Selectmen of Boston, and all the powers subsequently vested in the Mayor and Board of Aldermen, as county commissioners or otherwise, were vested in the Board of Aldermen. The Mayor if present continued to preside but without a vote. All other powers belonging to the corporation continued to be vested in the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council, exercised by concurrent vote.
Chapter 448 of the Acts of 1854 established a Board of Aldermen consisting of twelve members elected at large and a Common Council of forty-eight members elected by wards, four from each ward (12 wards). Chapter 359 of the Acts of 1867, an act to unite the cities of Boston and Roxbury, established a Board of Aldermen consisting of twelve members and the Common Council consisting of sixty members, four members from each ward (15 wards). Chapter 349 of the Acts of 1869, an act to unite the City of Boston and Town of Dorchester, established a Board of Aldermen consisting of twelve members and a Common Council, consisting of sixty-four members, four from each ward (16 wards). With the annexations of Charlestown, Brighton and West Roxbury, the number of Common Councilors increased to seventy-four members, four each from wards 1-16, 2 each from wards 17, 19-22. There was no ward 18 because the annexation of Brookline was rejected.
Chapter 243 of the Acts of 1875 authorized the division of the City of Boston into twenty-four wards and fixed the number of Common Councilors at 72, three from each ward. Chapter 242 of the Acts of 1876 divided ward 22 into two wards becoming wards 22 and 25. The Common Council consisted of 72 members, three from each ward except that wards 22 and 25 alternately shall elect 1 and 2, or 2 and 1. Chapter 250 of the Acts of 1884 created 12 aldermanic districts, one alderman elected from each district.
Powers related to the administration of the Police were transferred to the Board of Police Commissioners by chapter 244 of the Acts of 1878. Chapter 266 of the Acts of 1885, an act to amend the charter of the City of Boston, transferred to the Mayor the power to appoint, subject to the approval of the Board of Aldermen, all officers and boards elected by the City Council or Board of Aldermen, and all offices that may be established in the future. The positions of City Messenger, Clerk of Committees and other clerks of the City Council were exempted from this provision. All executive powers vested in the Board of Aldermen were transferred to the Mayor to be exercised through the several officers and boards of the City in their respective departments, under the general supervision and control of the Mayor. The Mayor no longer would be a member, nor preside at any meeting, nor appoint any committee of the Board of Aldermen.
Chapter 175 of the Acts of 1888 increased the number of Common Councilors to seventy-three members, three from each ward except that wards 22 and 25 elect two. Chapter 88 of the Acts of 1891 increased the number of Common Councilors to seventy-five members, three from each ward. Chapter 473 of the Acts of 1893 provided for the election of twelve aldermen at large instead of by districts. Chapter 554 of the Acts of 1898, provided for each party to nominate twelve. This act was repealed by R.L. of 1901, chapter 227. Chapter 355 of the Acts of 1899 provided for the election of thirteen aldermen by eleven aldermanic districts. Nominations were by party caucus. This act repealed all inconsistent acts. Chapter 426 of the Acts of 1903 provided for thirteen nominated aldermen to be elected at large. (Party nominations; eight candidates by each party - 13 votes to each voter) Chapter 404 of the Acts of 1904 provide for the election of thirteen aldermen at large; no voter to vote for more than seven; each party nominates 13 by 11 aldermanic districts; nominations also by papers 1% of gov. vote.
Chapter 486 of the Acts of 1909, an act relating to the administration of the City of Boston and to amend the charter of the said city, abolished the City Council and both branches thereof and the positions of City Messenger, Clerk of Committees, Clerk of the Common Council, Assistant Clerk of Committees and subordinates. The act established a City Council consisting of nine members elected at large. The City Council, subject to the approval of the Mayor, could establish such offices that it deemed necessary for the conduct if its affairs and at such salaries it may determine. The City Council retained the power to approve ordinances and loan orders presented by the Mayor and the budget. All heads of departments and municipal boards, excluding the school committee and those appointed by law by the governor, would be appointed by the mayor without confirmation by the City Council.
Chapter 479 of the Acts of 1924 provided for the election of 22 City Councilors, one from each ward (22 wards). Began with the biennial election in 1925. Chapter 356 of the Acts of 1951 provided for the election of 9 City Councilors at large. Chapter 190 of the Acts of 1982 (Tregor Bill) made major changes to the financial operations of the city and the budgetary powers of the Mayor and City Council (major amendments to that act appear as Chapter 701 of the Acts of 1986). Chapter 605 of the Acts of 1982 provided for a City Council of thirteen members, one each from nine districts and three at large. Effective with preliminary election in September of 1983.
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Language of Materials
- Boston (Mass.) -- Politics and Government Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- DVD-video discs Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Minutes (Records) Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Municipal government -- Massachusetts -- Boston Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Sound recordings Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Transcriptions Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Video tapes Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
- Guide to the City Council meeting and hearing transcripts 1947-2015
- Kristen Swett
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