Boston (Mass.). Police Department
Chapter 5 of the Acts of 1761-1762 established a watch for the safety and better securing the good order of the Town of Boston. Chapter 110 of the Acts of 1821 vested in the Mayor and Aldermen the administration of the police formerly exercised by the Selectmen. Chapter 123 of the Acts of 1838 granted the Mayor and Aldermen the power to appoint police officers with all or any of the powers of the constables except the power of serving and executing any civil process.
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Scope and Contents By ordinance passed June 17, 1870, all monies received by police officers for fees as witnesses and paid by them into the City Treasury would be kept as a separate fund and be invested and managed by the Mayor, City Auditor and City Treasurer. The income of said fund would be applied to the relief of persons who received an honorable discharge from the Police force by reason of sickness, age or other inability and in necessitous circumstances and also to the relief of widows and orphans of...